Related7 flights for under £45Seven cities, seven cheap flights, seven tickets to the time of your life (well maybe) for less than £45.6 flights for less than £70Keep mum sweet this Mother’s Day and book a bargain weekend getaway.10 flights for under £40We pick 10 of the cheapest flights on Skyscanner this week – just the ticket for a brilliant bargain break. Doctor Who is done for another series and it’s a whole month until Homeland starts. Before Strictly takes over your life, get out of the house and explore a new and exciting city for less than £40.1. Malmo from £36Love your Swedish/Danish crime dramas? Then Malmo gives you the best of both worlds. A 25-minute train ride from the Danish capital, Copenhagen, and you could be exploring one of Sweden’s most ‘continental’ cities. Trawl the designer stores on Gamla Väster, or pick up some unique souvenirs in Möllevȧngstorget’s open air market. Make sure to pack your Sarah Lund jumper!2. Linz from £35Linz goes a long way to prove that Austria is not all Von Trapp children and lederhosen. Since being named European Capital of Culture in 2009, the former industrial city has become a hub for contemporary art and architecture. Check out the Warhol paintings in the Lentos Kunstmuseum, a huge cube made entirely from steel and glass. If you like your cities a little less shiny, then Linz’s Old Town still serves up neo-gothic cathedrals and hefty slices of Linzer Torte fruit pies.3. Turin from £34Next to Neapolitan pizza, Turin’s Fiat 500 has got to be one of Italy’s most famous exports. Four wheeled icons are not all that Italy’s fourth largest city specialises in. Visitors flock to the Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist to gaze upon the Turin Shroud, believed to bear the imprint of Christ’s face on his way to the cross. Take a break from all that racing around with a gelato from Pepino, the first parlour to put ice cream on a stick and dip it in chocolate. 4. Gerona from £38Bored of Barcelona? Gerona is just north of Barca and has its fair share of late night tapas bars and sangria stops along its very own Las Ramblas. But what gives Gerona much of its unique character is The Call, the Jewish quarter that’s a labyrinth of narrow lanes, charming archways and medieval museums. It’ll tempt you to put any other Spanish city on hold for a while.5. Faro from £39Faro isn’t that far away! Hop on a three-hour flight and be transported back in time to medieval Portugal. Spend the sunshine hours sitting in a café on a cobbled side street amidst a jumble of white-washed houses. For an unusual after-dark adventure, head to the Capela dos Ossos, the 19th century chapel built from the skulls of over 1000 monks.6. Brussels from £26The cheapest on the list, you’ll have more beer money to spend in Brussels, the perfect city for an old-fashioned pub crawl. Many of the bars in Belgium’s capital are kitted out with traditional wooden benches and fireside dens. They serve the finest Belgian brews and rounds are typically topped-off by baskets of sourdough and sausages. Sounds like the start to the best Hergé adventure. ReturnOne wayMulti-cityFromAdd nearby airports ToAdd nearby airportsDepart14/08/2019Return21/08/2019Cabin Class & Travellers1 adult, EconomyDirect flights onlySearch flights Map
Modern Times Group (MTG) has appointed Liberty Global executive Rotem Hakim as its director of business development for pay TV emerging markets.Hakim will take the role in MTG-owned Viasat Broadcasting’s pay TV emerging markets team as of May 26.He joins from Liberty Global, where he has worked for 10 years, most recently as programming director working with VoD and linear pay-TV channels, as well as gaming and music.Within Liberty, Hakim also previously worked as head of business development for Chello On Demand, part of the firm’s former content division Chellomedia. Prior to Liberty Global, he worked at the tech companies Emblaze Systems and IBM and the telecoms company Barak I.T.C.“Rotem is a top performer with a unique understanding of how content and technology can complement one another, gained in a 20 year long career in the media, technology and IT industries. His extensive commercial and technical expertise in all aspects of digital content services – across TV, web and mobile – make him the ideal person to grow our pay TV business further,” said Aleks Habdank, chief operating officer, pay TV emerging markets, MTG.
An international coalition of brain researchers is suggesting a new way of looking at Alzheimer’s.Instead of defining the disease through symptoms like memory problems or fuzzy thinking, the scientists want to focus on biological changes in the brain associated with Alzheimer’s. These include the plaques and tangles that build up in the brains of people with the disease.But they say the new approach is intended only for research studies and isn’t yet ready for use by most doctors who treat Alzheimer’s patients.If the new approach is widely adopted, it would help researchers study patients whose brain function is still normal, but who are likely to develop dementia caused by Alzheimer’s.”There is a stage of the disease where there are no symptoms and we need to have some sort of a marker,” says Eliezer Masliah, who directs the Division of Neuroscience at the National Institute on Aging.The new approach would be a dramatic departure from the traditional way of looking at Alzheimer’s, says Clifford Jack, an Alzheimer’s researcher at Mayo Clinic Rochester.In the past, “a person displayed a certain set of signs and symptoms and it was expected that they had Alzheimer’s pathology,” says Jack, who is the first author of the central paper describing the proposed new “research framework.”But researchers began to see the flaws in that approach when they took a close look at the brains of people receiving experimental drugs for the disease, Jack says. “About 30 percent of people who met all the appropriate clinical criteria did not have Alzheimer’s disease.”Their memory or thinking problems were being caused by something else.So researchers have been looking for more reliable ways of determining whether someone really has Alzheimer’s. And they’ve focused on the two best-known brain changes associated with the disease.”What we’re seeing now is that Alzheimer’s disease is defined by the presence of plaques and tangles in your brain,” Jack says. And in this way of thinking, he says, “symptoms become the result of the disease, not the definition of the disease.”Once it was virtually impossible to detect plaques and tangles in a living person. But over time, scientists have developed a number of ways to spot the abnormalities using special brain scans or tests of spinal fluid.These tests for what are known as biomarkers of Alzheimer’s are allowing scientists to do experiments that would have been impossible relying on symptoms alone. “One could, let’s say, start preventive treatment five years before the onset of the symptoms,” Masliah says.The new approach has detractors, who argue that it’s not yet a reliable replacement for clinical symptoms in research. And proponents have responded to these complaints by including symptom measures in their proposal, and acknowledging that biomarkers are still in an early stage of development.Proponents have also stressed that the biomarker approach is not yet the right tool for most doctors who treat Alzheimer’s patients.”It’s a research framework meant to be tested, a tool for researchers, not for the doctor’s office,” says Maria Carrillo, chief scientific officer of the Alzheimer’s Association.But Carrillo hopes that when drugs to prevent Alzheimer’s finally arrive, biomarker tests can show who should get them.The proposal, and several commentaries supporting it, appears Tuesday in the April 2018 issue of Alzheimer’s & Dementia: The journal of the Alzheimer’s Association. Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
Long before he began studying for a career in health care, Marlon Munoz performed one of the most sensitive roles in the field: delivering diagnoses to patients.As an informal interpreter between English-speaking doctors and his Spanish-speaking family and friends, Munoz knew well the burden that comes with the job. He still becomes emotional when he remembers having to tell his wife, Aibi Perez, she had breast cancer.A few days after Perez underwent a routine breast biopsy 17 years ago, Munoz received an unexpected call from her physician. The doctor spoke no Spanish and Perez spoke little English, so they called Munoz, who could act as a go-between. But when the doctor said the biopsy had revealed stage 1 breast cancer, Munoz hedged.Without delivering the bad news, he left work and drove to a park near the family’s home in Pennsauken, N.J. He sat on a bench and sobbed. When he finally mustered the strength to go home, knowing Perez and their children were preparing for the next day’s Thanksgiving feast, he struggled to find the words. “You don’t have to tell me,” Munoz recalls his wife saying. “I already know.””That’s when I broke into tears,” says Munoz, who now works in the radiology department — and as a volunteer medical interpreter — at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.Perez survived and is cancer-free today, but the family has never been the same. Being the bearer of bad news strained Munoz’s relationship with his wife at this most vulnerable time, and years later, they say they still wish it could have been handled differently.Census data suggest that as many as 1 in 10 working adults in the U.S. has limited English-language proficiency. Meanwhile, the 1964 Civil Rights Act and subsequent orders and laws require hospitals and other facilities that offer medical services and receive federal funds to provide “meaningful access” to patients, so they can make informed decisions about their health. With few exceptions, this means that providers must offer qualified interpreters, as well as translations for prescriptions and other medical documents.”It’s the law,” says Munoz.Previous research has suggested that such accommodations improve clinical outcomes and reduce persistent disparities in health care overall. And yet, despite the law, and despite the obvious benefits, thousands of hospitals and other medical facilities continue to fall short, leaving patients — if they are lucky — relying on family members and friends to be ad hoc interpreters of maladies and medical care. It’s an informal and imperfect form of triage that unfolds in clinics across the country every day, with potentially harrowing consequences should something be lost in translation.Gaps in communicationNo one really knows how widespread the problem actually is, but even the scattered data that are available paint a bleak picture — and one that has persisted for decades. Just 39 percent of hospitals, for example, reported collecting any kind of data on the language proficiency of patients in a 2004 survey of 272 hospitals.Last year, a study published in Health Affairs suggested that little had improved. Despite requirements for data collection on race, ethnicity and language needs outlined in the 2010 Affordable Care Act, the researchers determined that such data availability in commercial, Medicaid and Medicare managed care plans “remained largely incomplete.”A 2016 survey of 4,586 hospitals by the American Hospital Association, meanwhile, suggested that only 56 percent offered some sort of linguistic and translation services, a very slight improvement over the 54 percent recorded five years earlier. Yet, another survey suggests that 97 percent of physicians see at least some patients who have difficulty understanding English.”The reality is, if you can’t communicate with a patient, you can’t provide care,” says Mara Youdelman, managing attorney at the National Health Law Program in Washington, D.C., who works on language-access issues.”It shouldn’t be an add-on,” she says. “It should be a required part of providing high-quality health care.”Gabriela Jenicek, the director of language services at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, remembers one young mother-to-be who was eight months pregnant and at high risk. The woman had been referred to Jenicek’s hospital from another clinic, which had allowed the woman’s sister-in-law to interpret her doctors’ words.Providers at the clinic told the sister-in-law that the woman’s fetus was at risk of heart damage. But the sister-in-law never told the mother-to-be, Jenicek says. In blissful ignorance, the pregnant woman had enjoyed her baby shower and even prepped a nursery.When they arrived at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, “she had to be told the child would not make it,” Jenicek recalls. “She had no time to prepare.”Misunderstandings, and bad resultsResearch over the past 15 years has established that language errors and misunderstandings are common when professional interpreters aren’t used.A 2010 report by the University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health and National Health Law Program found that of 1,373 malpractice claims, at least 35 were linked to inadequate language access.In one case, a 9-year-old Vietnamese girl was rushed to the emergency room with what appeared to be a bad case of the stomach flu. Her parents spoke no English, and no on-staff interpreters were used — even when the doctor prescribed a medication that isn’t usually recommended for children. Instead, hospital staff communicated in English with the girl and her 16-year-brother, and the family was sent home with written instructions — also in English — to return to the hospital immediately if the girl experienced certain side effects.The girl had an adverse reaction to the drug, suffered a heart attack and died. The physician and hospital settled the malpractice claim for $200,000.Even short of death and injury, more recent research indicates that without trained interpreters, patient satisfaction and outcomes can plummet. A 2016 review of palliative care services, for example, concluded that patients who struggle with English don’t adequately grasp their diagnoses without professional interpreters and also had more pain and anxiety. A 2017 survey showed that 46 percent of dental students do not feel adequately prepared to treat patients whose primary language is not English; 44 percent said their dental school clinic did not have formal interpreter services.Perhaps most alarming, today’s medical school students appear to be getting the message that language-access issues aren’t important and that they will be easily forgiven for a lax approach, according to a recent study published in Academic Medicine. That study, co-authored by Dr. Alexander Green, a physician and an associate professor at Harvard Medical School, concluded the problem stems from “a learning environment and organizational culture that value efficiency over effective communication.”In an essay published in the American Medical Association’s Journal of Ethics, which devoted its entire March 2017 issue to language access, Green called for a “major culture shift” in medicine, on par with the shift in expectations of hand-washing.”It needs to be not only easy,” Green said in an interview, “but an expectation.”A lack of enforcementFiston Laka Bondjale was given political asylum in the U.S. almost two years ago after living in Congo, but he knew the language barrier would make it difficult for him to seek treatment for chronic stomach pain.”Every time I think, ‘What can I tell the doctor?’ In French, I can explain it easily,” he says. “But I’m afraid to go to the hospital because maybe I’ll get the wrong medicine.”The one time Bondjale did go to a hospital in Washington, D.C., he and the doctor struggled to communicate because no French interpreter was on site. “I asked him to use simple words, but that was hard for the doctor,” he says.When he moved to Minnesota, he couldn’t sleep, but he still resisted seeking medical help because of his rudimentary English. Finally, a fall on the ice prompted a trip to a clinic, where he was able to use a phone-in French interpreter.For such patients, success in navigating the medical system depends on a variety of factors: Which state you live in; whether you are in an urban or rural area; how many people speak your language nearby. As it stands, there are no universally agreed-upon standards for training or licensing interpreters. Patients and providers often don’t understand the law, and there is little funding for enforcement.Recent surveys of doctors show that expectations for language access are far from the norm. Of 1,563 physicians surveyed between 2011 and 2016 by Critical Measures, a consulting company in Minneapolis, roughly half were “relatively unfamiliar” or “unfamiliar” with the legal requirements of working with interpreters.Meanwhile, the Trump administration’s tougher stance on immigration has created an atmosphere in which immigrants have become more hesitant to speak out, according to Flores of the Connecticut Children’s Medical Center.”The policy landscape is as bleak as it’s ever been,” Flores says.Even in big city hospitals that are more likely to offer language services, getting a professional interpreter isn’t a given, and for patients, there’s little in the way of recourse. Filing a complaint requires knowing about the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office for Civil Rights and having the communication skill, or the assistance, to report a violation and seek a remedy. The office received just 210 language-access complaints during the five-year span ending in 2017, an HHS spokesman reported.But according to Leon Rodriguez, the former director of the Office for Civil Rights from 2011 to 2014, such numbers mask the real contours of a problem that is difficult to address.”When you think about housing discrimination, it’s sort of clear: You don’t want to get caught renting to one family and not another,” Rodriguez says. “Language access is softer. It doesn’t have the same shock value.”Resources at the agency are also stretched thin. Roughly 120 investigators on staff cover all civil rights issues, including discrimination on the basis of gender, disability, age or race. Administrators there do have the power to withhold federal funds for failing to provide adequate language services, but virtually everyone agrees that too many cases slip through the cracks — even though language services have real financial benefits, too.Worth the priceWhile a true cost-benefit analysis hasn’t been done in the United States, some studies have identified an association between the availability of language and translation services and fewer readmission rates and fewer malpractice claims. A 2017 study, for example, found that an academic hospital could save an estimated $161,404 each month by avoiding 119 readmissions when patients had consistent access to interpretation.”The larger, forward-looking health care providers understand that language access benefits bottom lines,” says Bill Rivers, executive director at the Joint National Committee for Languages.But they may also be the only facilities that can really afford it.One day last fall, interpreter Muhiyadin Aden navigated the labyrinth of hospital buildings at Hennepin County Medical Center in Minneapolis — a big, urban hospital known for its language services — and eventually arrived at the blue- and orange-hued halls of the emergency department.Aden opened the door to a windowless exam room, where a Somali woman wearing a hijab and a floral skirt was lying on the exam table, her left ankle encased in a walking boot. Her sister sat across from her.A nurse walked in with good news: The X-ray hadn’t shown a major fracture. As Aden interpreted, the woman’s face lit up. “Good, I’m happy!” she said in Somali. The nurse, looking at the patient, continued: “You can sleep on it, you can walk on it; it’s for comfort,” she said of the boot. Aden’s voice was animated and he used gestures as he interpreted. The patient’s face showed relief: “Ah, ah!”Although naproxen is an over-the-counter medication, the nurse gave the patient a written prescription, highlighted and folded so she could hand it to the pharmacist. Depending on the time of day, the nurse knew that there might or might not be a Somali-speaking pharmacist working at the center’s pharmacy.The thorough approach takes time. One survey showed that 85 percent of community health centers spend more time on patients with limited English. At Hennepin County’s hospital, former interpreter services manager Michelle Chillstrom, who now works at the University of Washington Medical Center, estimates exams with interpreters take 50 percent longer.In other words, hospitals and clinics need to be comfortable with the idea of doctors seeing fewer patients per shift. A movement known as value-based care, in which providers are paid for outcomes instead of the frequency of services, could pave the way for improved language access, says Green, the researcher who studied med students’ perceptions of language access.Such a system would provide rewards based “not just on the number of visits each day, but on the quality of care and outcomes,” Green says. In such a scenario, hospitals would be penalized if a patient had to return more than once because a language barrier led to a treatment problem.Technology is helping to address language barriers — though it remains imperfect. One study, for example, pointed out that in some British medical contexts, having seizures is sometimes referred to as “fitting” — as in, “having a fit.” But one Swahili language app translated the English “Your child is fitting” to “Your child is dead” in Swahili.At Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, locally referred to as CHOP, staff members say that the app translates the phrase “Please come to CHOP” as “Please come to be cut into pieces.”There is no doubt in Marlon Munoz and Aibi Perez’s minds that their health care has been compromised because of language barriers. Some services simply weren’t available in Spanish when Perez was being treated for her breast cancer — no Spanish-speaking psychologist to help Perez understand how the chemo worked, for example, and no Spanish-capable pain manager.Worse, though, was the confusion and pain that ensued after Perez finished chemotherapy. She had been given a choice between a variety of medications for controlling the hormones relevant to her type of breast cancer or surgery to remove her ovaries and accomplish the same. Not understanding much about the pros and cons of each choice — and feeling too young to have her ovaries removed — Perez opted for one of the medications.”That was our first mistake, just to take everything they told us and just take all the information — a lot of information with medical terminology about something you didn’t know,” Perez now says. “You don’t know what they’re giving you, the side effects you’re going to get.”That first medication caused blue and purple marks all over her stomach and violent mood swings. “In the morning she’d be happy, and then later I’d say, ‘Hey, how do you feel?’ and she’d break into tears,” Munoz remembers.Next, they tried a medication that made her skin feel so tight that she would shriek at the accidental touch by one of her kids. Finally, they tried a medicine that had to be injected monthly to her stomach with a needle “as thick as a pen,” Munoz says, leaving her stomach blue. After a year of experimenting, Perez decided to have the surgery.”If we had understood [the consequences],” Munoz says, “we wouldn’t have had to go through that year of pain to make the same decision in the end.”Sheila Mulrooney Eldred is a Minneapolis-based freelance writer.This story was produced by Undark, a nonprofit, editorially independent digital magazine exploring the intersection of science and society. Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
A disabled woman has told how her local council is threatening to spend several days watching her every move as she eats showers and uses the toilet, in order to check if planned cuts to her care package will meet her needs.The woman, Jane*, a survivor of serious sexual, physical and emotional abuse, and a former Independent Living Fund (ILF) recipient, spoke about the council’s “violation” at a parliamentary campaign meeting this week.The meeting was held to launch Inclusion London’s report on the impact of last year’s ILF closure, as part of the Rights Not Games week of action organised by Disabled People Against Cuts (DPAC)**.The report, One Year On: Evaluating The Impact Of The Closure Of The Independent Living Fund, includes information from all 33 London local authorities, and concludes that there has been a “dramatic postcode lottery” in the support provided to former ILF recipients since the fund closed.In four local authority areas, more than half of former ILF recipients have had their care packages cut since it closed.In all, at least 185 former ILF recipients have so far seen their support cut, out of a total of about 1,300 across London.The report calls for a national, needs-led system of support, independent of local authorities, free at the point of delivery and paid for through taxation.Jane told the meeting, which was hosted by Labour shadow chancellor John McDonnell, that as an ILF recipient she had received 84 hours of support a week (including 35 paid for by the council), but the local authority wanted to cut this by 46 hours a week.The 84 hours support – together with unpaid care provided by her personal assistants that means she is supported almost 24 hours a day – has enabled her to participate in her local community, chair three disability organisations, and even attend the Glastonbury festival to deliver a talk about disability rights.After the ILF closure, her council initially wanted to cut her care from 12 to three hours a day, but is now suggesting a package of 38 hours a week.It has already suggested that she could survive on microwave meals – which she says would both damage her health and be unaffordable – and use incontinence pads for up to 12 hours a day.But at the last meeting with council officials earlier this summer, she was told that once the cuts to her package were in place, they wanted to send a team of people to observe the impact on how she uses the toilet, showers, gets in and out of bed and her wheelchair, and feeds herself.She was in tears as she told this week’s parliamentary meeting: “That really breaks me. I can’t bear the thought of having a team of people invade my privacy, come to my toilet, my bedroom.“It was bad enough when they suggested I use nappies, incontinence pads; to feel so violated in the name of saving money… I want every single person to stand up and stop this.”She had earlier described in a post on DPAC’s website that such action would be an “incredible, humiliating, dehumanising invasion of my privacy and home” and a “stripping away of every last vestige of my dignity”.Jane said this made her feel like “a goldfish in a bowl, lacking privacy, freedom, spontaneity, rights, dignity; dreading when the plug is going to be pulled by people who think it’s okay to leave one without the funds and care and mobility support which keep me afloat”.She told Disability News Service after the meeting: “When they cut, these cuts will be hurting people who are already struggling. It is so inhuman.“They don’t consider the mental and psychological effects of what they are doing, let alone the physical.“It is torture that they are putting people through and it can be so far-reaching. They have no idea of what people are living with.”*Not her real name**DPAC has set up a legal fund to help former ILF recipients like Jane challenge cuts to their support packagesPicture: Protesters performing outside Downing Street after the Inclusion London meeting
Next Article –shares Fireside Chat | July 25: Three Surprising Ways to Build Your Brand Congress Is Right to Challenge the SBA’s Program Expansion Add to Queue In office for less than two months, Maria Contreras-Sweet, the new head of the Small Business Administration, is already embroiled in a dispute with Congress over the direction in which her agency is moving. The SBA has been pushing educational initiatives for high-potential startups and for larger and older small businesses in place of programs for its traditional constituencies. Members of the House Small Business Committee on both sides of the aisle have criticized the move. And, on this issue, they are right.The dispute was triggered by the SBA’s efforts to reallocate funds from its Small Business Development Center (SBDC) and SCORE programs to an educational program for owners of larger and older small businesses and a program to fund new business accelerators. The change means the agency will allocate fewer of its resources to helping micro-entrepreneurs start businesses.But the real fight isn’t about money. It’s about who should decide the agency’s direction and what principles should guide their choices.Related: Tread Lightly on Regulating the Sharing EconomyCongress, not government bureaucrats, should decide what types of small-business support programs this country should have. They are the ones accountable to the voters for how tax dollars are spent. And they are the ones with the legal authority to create small-business support programs. As Oregon Democrat Kurt Schrader put it in a recent House Small Business Committee hearing, “It’s our job, not yours, to come up with the programs that should be going forward.”Moreover, the SBA is taking advantage of a loophole to put its new programs in place. The Small Business Act grants the federal agency the authority to establish pilot initiatives not authorized by Congress, as long as those programs are of limited cost and duration. Congress’s intent in providing this authority was to give the agency flexibility in carrying out the legislative body’s wishes. But, as the House Small Business Committee recently wrote, the SBA “abuses this authority” by setting up pilot programs that do not expire and by failing to seek Congressional approval for its initiatives. In fact, the House Small Business Committee found that 17 of 22 SBA educational initiatives have been put in place without specific Congressional authorization.Economic efficiency, not agency ambition, should guide the choice of entrepreneurship-support programs. The agency should not add programs that duplicate efforts undertaken in other parts of the government. A 2012 Government Accountability Office (GAO) report found 52 overlapping federal entrepreneurship-support programs among the SBA and just three other federal agencies. Moreover, several SBA educational programs duplicate the efforts of other SBA training initiatives.Related: Don’t Hurt Entrepreneurship In Fighting Income InequalityOnly when the private sector fails to allocate resources efficiently should the government intervene in the marketplace. But some of the agency’s programs target needs that the private sector already satisfies. The agency’s new initiative for older and more established companies, for example, duplicates programs administered by Goldman Sachs and the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.Similarly, in a recent Congressional hearing, Congresswoman Nydia Velasquez, Democrat of New York, asked rhetorically about the SBA’s new accelerator program: “What gap are you filling that the private sector is not?” The Congresswoman indicated that there is no market failure justifying government intervention because the private sector has already poured $5 billion into 100 accelerators on its own.Ironically, Ms. Contreras-Sweet and her predecessor at the SBA, Karen Mills, may be accomplishing something few in Washington have been able to achieve in recent years – motivating bipartisan support for legislation. The recent efforts by the SBA to expand its educational programs have both Republicans and Democrats on the House Small Business Committee suggesting legislation to limit the SBA’s discretion in establishing new programs.Related: To Help Small Business, Cut Regulation 4 min read Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Professor at Case Western Reserve University SBA Guest Writer Enroll Now for $5 Learn from renowned serial entrepreneur David Meltzer how to find your frequency in order to stand out from your competitors and build a brand that is authentic, lasting and impactful. Scott Shane May 21, 2014
Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. Guest Writer Five months ago, Amazon unveiled its pilot Dash program in which a select group of users could order an array of household products via the push of a button.Now, it’s expanding the program to all Prime Members, as well as creating buttons for 11 new brands, bringing the total of brand-specific buttons to 29. Together, this group — which includes Ice Breakers, Bounty, Smartwater, Kraft, Huggies, L’Oréal and Gatorade — encompass 500 different products.For the uninitiated, here’s how it works: Amazon Prime members can now purchase any number of the available branded Dash buttons, physical devices built to be positioned around the house. Each button connects to a member’s iPhone or Android smartphone, and can be customized to order a specific quantity of product from its corresponding brand (you can set up your Clorox button to order a three-pack of disinfecting wipes, for example) whenever it’s pushed. Amazon then follows up by sending an order confirmation to the phone, allowing you to cancel if you have second thoughts. Also, the mega retailer has a “Dash Button Order Protection,” meaning members can’t place a new order until the prior one ships.Amazon Dash ButtonImage Credit: AmazonThe buttons cost $4.99 (meaning that in theory, the ability to buy with one click in real life can add up quickly), but Amazon will credit Prime members for the cost of each button provided they actually order something with it. While this sounds more than a little ridiculous — it’s easy enough, after all, to simply re-order household products on Amazon’s site — simply pushing a conveniently placed button when you realize you’re out of garbage bags is more seamless than going online to do so later.Related: Amazon Dash Makes Shopping as Easy as Pushing a Button Image credit: Amazon.com | Facebook –shares Add to Queue Amazon All Prime Members Now Have Access to Amazon’s Press-to-Buy Dash Buttons 2 min read September 2, 2015 Next Article Laura Entis Dash Button Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Register Now »
Elon Musk’s Artificial Intelligence Project Just Got a Free Supercomputer August 16, 2016 –shares Huang onstage at an Nvidia even in San Jose. This story originally appeared on Fortune Magazine Image credit: Image credit: Kim Kulish—Corbis via Fortune Jonathan Vanian Add to Queue Learn from renowned serial entrepreneur David Meltzer how to find your frequency in order to stand out from your competitors and build a brand that is authentic, lasting and impactful. 3 min read Fireside Chat | July 25: Three Surprising Ways to Build Your Brand OpenAI non-profit gets a powerful new toy to research AI.An Elon Musk-backed artificial intelligence research group just got a brand new toy from chip maker Nvidia.Nvidia said on Monday that it had donated one of its new supercomputers to the OpenAI non-profit artificial intelligence research project. OpenAI debuted in December with financial backing from Tesla and SpaceX CEO Musk along with money from other high-profile technology luminaries like LinkedIn co-founder Reid Hoffman and PayPal co-founder Peter Thiel.OpenAI’s goal is partly to create a non-profit outside the corporate sector that could research artificial intelligence technologies without a financial incentive. The concern is that many companies like Google and Facebook that are researching artificial intelligence technologies would horde talent and only work on projects beneficial to their financial interests.Nvidia CEO Jen-Hsun Huang personally delivered the supercomputer, the newly introduced DGX-1, last week to OpenAI’s San Francisco office. A photo accompanying the press announcement shows both Huang and Musk looking at the supercomputer, which Huang signed.“To Elon and the OpenAI Team!” wrote Huang on the supercomputer’s body. “To the future of computing and humanity. I present you the world’s first DGX-1!”Would like to thank @nvidia and Jensen for donating the first DGX-1 AI supercomputer to @OpenAI in support of democratizing AI technology— Elon Musk (@elonmusk) August 9, 2016OpenAI and Nvidia did not explain what exactly the supercomputer would be used for. Nvidia announced plans for the machine, described as equivalent in power to “250 servers in a box” and costing $129,000, in April. At the time, the company said that universities like MIT, University of California at Berkeley and Stanford would get access to the supercomputers.Nvidia has marketed the DGX-1 as a supercomputer built to specifically handle a trendy artificial intelligence technique called deep learning, which has been adopted by in recent years by companies like Google and Facebook. For example, they have used deep learning to train computers to recognize objects in photographs.Nvidia has been benefiting from a current boom in artificial intelligence and virtual reality technologies with its lineup of computer chips known as GPUs that can power both technologies. In August, Nvidia reported that it had $1.43 billion in second quarter revenue, a 24% year-over-year increase.“Strong demand for our new Pascal-generation GPUs and surging interest in deep learning drove record results,” Huang said in a statement at the time.In June, OpenAI said that one of its goals involves building an “off-the-shelf” robot and releasing its blueprints for other companies and organizations to manufacture.Last week, OpenAI research scientist Ian Goodfellow explained on the question and answer website Quora that both Musk and OpenAI backer and Y Combinator president Sam Altman were “quite involved” with the non-profit and that “both are in the office each week.”In June, OpenAI released some results of its artificial intelligence research into what’s known as unsupervised learning, which generally refers to the ability of computers to learn from so-called unlabeled data that have not been refined by humans. Elon Musk Next Article Enroll Now for $5
Hacks Next Article That’s one way to get out of a test. Contributing Writer Register Now » Sri Lankan Student Hacks President’s Website to Delay Exam –shares Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. Add to Queue August 31, 2016 This story originally appeared on PCMag Image credit: Shutterstock 2 min read Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business Don Reisinger There are the usual ways to get out of a test, and then there are the interesting ways to skip a test. One teenager from Sri Lanka allegedly chose the latter.A 17-year-old Sri Lankan is being detained on charges of hacking the website of President Maithripala Sirisena, according to the BBC. After taking over the site on Thursday and Friday, a group called the Sri Lanka Youth requested that national exams, scheduled for April, be rescheduled so as not to conflict with the Sinhala and Tamil New Year celebrations, the report says.News of teenagers doing dumb things isn’t all that Earth-shattering, but the teen took things up a notch. He, or whoever carried out the attack, added a message on the president’s site read that urged him to “take care of the security of Sri Lankan websites” or face the possibility of “a cyber war.”According to the BBC, the unidentified teen was detained until law enforcement could determine the extent to which the threats were real. It’s unknown whether he was actually behind the hack or if he worked alone.President Sirisena’s site was first hacked last Thursday with the aforementioned message, but was soon reclaimed after officials realized it was breached. The group again hacked the site on Friday, but didn’t display a message. As of this writing, the president’s site is back up and running.
Adobe Experience Platform and Marketo Engage Combined with Software AG’s Technology Helps Companies Stitch Customer Data from Across SystemsAt Adobe Summit EMEA, Adobe and Software AG announced a partnership to help companies transform their customer experience management (CXM) by bringing together customer data from across multiple enterprise systems into a centralized and actionable real-time customer profile. Adobe and Software AG will create integrations between Adobe Experience Platform and Software AG’s webMethods Integration and API management services.Adobe Experience Platform eliminates data silos by stitching together data from across the enterprise, enabling real-time customer profiles that are fueled by Adobe Sensei artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning. Software AG’s technology establishes enterprise-wide connectivity between CRMs and applications, as well as multiple backend systems. This connectivity comes with ready-to-use integration recipes and easily configurable data connectors. The combined offering lets brands move a customer’s key enterprise data into Adobe Experience Platform via Software AG’s integration platform, resulting in a more complete view of the customer journey, making personalization at scale a reality for enterprises.Marketing Technology News: DataGrail Research Reveals 70% of Privacy Professionals Agree Their Systems Will Not Support New Privacy RegulationsLeveraging Software AG’s strength in developing integrated SAP solutions, the partnership will also introduce a new data connector between Marketo Engage and SAP solutions that will seamlessly sync account scoring behavior (e.g. visited key web pages, opened email, attended an event) and other marketing data with sales activity and pipeline data.“Adobe and Software AG are coming together to deliver a solution that will enable enterprises to harness and action large volumes of customer data to deliver personalized, real-time customer experiences at scale,” said Shantanu Narayen, president and CEO, Adobe.Marketing Technology News: Modulr Raises £14 Million in Scale-up Capital to Fuel Growth“At Software AG, we help thousands of businesses turn their data into value each day,” said Sanjay Brahmawar, CEO of Software AG. “Our partnership with Adobe will unlock even greater value by connecting the customer journey to core enterprise data. This integration is the foundation of greater visibility, transparency, and customer intimacy – all in real time.”Marketing Technology News: Travel Tech Providers Gimmonix and Trip Sciences Strike a Strategic Partnership to Deliver Travel Industry’s First White-label Native Mobile Solution for Hotels Adobe and Software AG Partner to Advance Customer Experience Management PRNewswireMay 23, 2019, 8:04 pmMay 23, 2019 AdobeAdobe Experience Platformcrmcustomer experience managementMarketing TechnologyNewspersonalizationSoftware AG Previous ArticleSalesforce.org Launches foundationConnect, a Complete CRM and Grants Management Solution for GrantmakersNext ArticleSalesforce Ventures Launches New $125 Million Europe Trailblazer Fund
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Mar 6 2019To get older adults to pay attention to important health information, preface it with the good news about their health. That’s one takeaway from a study that found older adults are more willing to engage with negative health information when they have a positive attitude about their health.”There’s a lot of research showing that older adults prefer positive information, often avoiding or ignoring negative information,” says Tom Hess, a professor of psychology at North Carolina State University and co-author of a paper on the new findings. “That can have consequences for older adults, particularly when it comes to information regarding their health. We wanted to see if there was a way to overcome this positivity bias when it comes to health news.”To that end, the researchers conducted a study of 196 adults between the ages of 65 and 80. A quarter of the study participants were shown images to put them in a negative mood. A quarter were shown images to put them in a positive mood. A quarter were asked to complete a health checklist designed to make them feel bad about the healthiness of their lifestyle choices. And a quarter were asked to complete a checklist designed to make them feel good about their lifestyle choices.Study participants were then shown the headlines of six articles about health. Three of the headlines were negative, but offered information relevant to the health of the study participants. The other three headlines were positive, but were less likely to provide participants with useful information. Participants were asked to pick any three of the six articles to read.Study participants who completed the “positive” health checklist read more than 50 percent more of the articles that had negative headlines, as compared to participants who completed the “negative” checklist.”Specifically, study participants who completed the checklist giving them a positive attitude toward their health chose to read, on average, about 60 percent of the negative articles, whereas participants who completed the negative checklist chose only 37 percent of the negative articles,” says Claire Growney, a Ph.D. student at NC State and lead author of the paper. “There was no effect for participants who did not complete the health checklist and whose moods were only influenced by images. We also ran the same study with a group of 201 younger adults, and there was no effect with any of the groups there. This tells us that having a positive attitude toward health may primarily affect the willingness of older adults to engage with negative health news.Related StoriesSchwann cells capable of generating protective myelin over nerves finds researchTAU’s new Translational Medical Research Center acquires MILabs’ VECTor PET/SPECT/CTBridging the Gaps to Advance Research in the Cannabis Industry”We also asked the study participants what their motivations were before reviewing the health articles, and found that older adults with positive attitudes toward their health were more likely to seek out health-related news that was relevant to their own lives.”To confirm the finding, the researchers repeated the study with 199 adults between the ages of 65 and 85. This time they focused solely on the negative and positive health checklists. One difference with this second study was that the health article headlines were split into four categories: positive and informative; negative and informative; positive and not informative; and negative and not informative.”In this second study, we found participants who completed the positive checklist were over 30 percent more likely to select articles with negative headlines to read – but only if the headlines were also informative,” Growney says. “Specifically, the group with positive attitudes toward their health again chose to read about 60 percent of the negative/informative articles, while the group with negative attitudes toward their health chose only about 40 percent of the negative/informative articles.””These findings have practical value in terms of how we share negative information with older adults regarding their health,” Hess says. “For example, it may be useful for a health care provider to say ‘here’s what looks good’ before talking to a patient about recommendations regarding diet or exercise.” Source:https://news.ncsu.edu/2019/03/attitudes-about-health-affect-how-older-adults-engage-with-negative-health-news/
© 2018 AFP US internet giant Amazon will block Australian shoppers from its international websites to counter new tax laws on online purchases, it announced Thursday. Explore further Amazon claims record-breaking Australia launch Citation: Amazon blocks Australia from global sites over tax (2018, May 31) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-amazon-blocks-australia-global-sites.html Amazon said Australian shoppers wanting to use its global platforms will instead be directed to its smaller Australian site, which offers much less for sale New rules require internet retailers like the American behemoth to collect a 10 percent goods and services tax on everything bought from overseas sites from July 1, including under the current tax-free threshold of Aus$1,000 (US$760).As a result, Amazon said Australian shoppers wanting to use its global platforms will instead be directed to its smaller Australian site, which offers much less for sale.Amazon reportedly baulked at the massive administrative burden of tracking GST from all overseas transactions.”While we regret any inconvenience this may cause customers, we have had to assess the workability of the legislation as a global business with multiple international sites,” it said in a statement. The retailer said it would compensate by opening a “global store” for Australians, adding an extra four million items previously available only on its American website.”This will allow us to provide our customers with continued access to (our) international selection and remain compliant with the law,” it said.But even with the changes, the number of products available will be a fraction of what’s on sale globally.The new tax rules were brought in after years of lobbying by struggling local retailers, which have to apply GST to all online and store sales,Low consumer confidence and tepid wage growth have also hit traditional brick and mortar retail operations.Amazon only launched a local Australian site last December, shipping from a warehouse in Melbourne with another planned in Sydney.It had around Aus$1 billion in sales from Australia annually through shipping from overseas ahead of the launch, according to Morgan Stanley analysts.Treasurer Scott Morrison said the new laws “level the playing field for Australian businesses”.”The government doesn’t apologise for ensuring multinationals pay a fair amount of tax here in Australia,” he said. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
New US weapons systems being developed by the US Department of Defense can be easily be hacked by adversaries, a new government report said on Tuesday. Citation: New Pentagon weapons systems easily hacked: report (2018, October 9) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-pentagon-weapons-easily-hacked.html Why 50,000 ships are so vulnerable to cyberattacks Explore further The Government Accountability Office said the Pentagon was unaware of how easy it could be for an adversary to gain access to the computer brains and software of the weapons systems and operate inside them undetected.The weak points began with poor password management and unencrypted communications, it said.But it said access points for the systems continued to grow in number and are not always well-understood by the operators themselves, leaving even non-networked systems deeply vulnerable.More critically, the report faulted the US military for not incorporating cybersecurity into the design and acquisition process for the computer-dependent weapons, and said weapons developers often did not themselves adequately understand cybersecurity issues.”Due to this lack of focus on weapon systems cybersecurity, DOD likely has an entire generation of systems that were designed and built without adequately considering cybersecurity,” the GAO said.”In one case, it took a two-person test team just one hour to gain initial access to a weapon system and one day to gain full control of the system they were testing,” it said.In another case, it said, the test team gained control of the terminals of the system’s operators.”They could see, in real-time, what the operators were seeing on their screens and could manipulate the system.”The public, unclassified version of the report did not identify which arms systems it had tested and found faults with, citing the need for secrecy. But it said that between 2012 and 2017, the Defense Department’s own testers “routinely” found dangerous cyber vulnerabilities in “nearly all” weapons systems under development. “Using relatively simple tools and techniques, testers were able to take control of these systems and largely operate undetected. In some cases, system operators were unable to effectively respond to the hacks,” it said.The risk rises as Pentagon weapons and other systems are increasingly interconnected and their dependence on software and networking continues to rise.The report came as the US government wrestles with what it sees as concerted efforts by government-backed hackers in Russia and China to permeate government and private sector computer networks to steal data or simply wreak havoc. © 2018 AFP US Air Force F-22 Raptor: a government report says the Pentagon’s weapons systems currently under development are highly vulnerable to hackers This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Internet on mobile phones and fixed land connections has been widely cut across Sudan since the violent dispersal of a protest camp outside army headquarters on June 3 that left dozens dead and hundreds wounded “It’s as if we have gone back in time—we are cut off from everything, even from the outside world,” said Mohamed Omar, 25, sitting around a wooden table with his friends at the cafe in an upscale Khartoum district.”Internet is what allows us to know what’s happening inside the country and outside.”Internet on mobile phones and fixed land connections has been widely cut across Sudan since the violent dispersal of a protest camp outside army headquarters on June 3 that left dozens dead and hundreds wounded.The ruling military council imposed the blackout to prevent further mobilisation of protesters, according to users.”They cut the internet so that people can not communicate, to prevent (them from) gathering,” said Omar, who has regularly attended the protests that rocked Khartoum for months.Initial protests were sparked by a tripling of bread prices in December, and led to the downfall of long-time president Omar al-Bashir on April 11.But the protesters did not stop there, quickly demanding that the military council that seized power hand over to civilian rule. Even routine activities like checking social media or booking a taxi through an online app has now become nearly impossible. Across Sudan, the internet is now accessible only through land telephone lines or fibre optic cables, and the connection is erratic In a lush garden cafe in Sudan’s capital, a group of youngsters sit eyes glued to mobile phone screens, seeking ways to bypass an internet blackout imposed by army rulers. “My parents live abroad, the internet was our only means of communication,” said Omar, sporting a neat goatee and an elegant knee-length truffle grey tunic.”Before, we could see each other by video, now I have to (make an international) call,” he added.’Gross violation’At the cafe, some sat around wooden tables, while others typed on their phones and some browsed on their laptops. Here, an hour of internet costs 50 Sudanese pounds, which is approximately one dollar.Generally across Sudan, the internet is now accessible only through land telephone lines or fibre optic cables, and the connection is erratic. In one Khartoum mall, customers swarm several mobile shops and cyber cafes that offer rare access.At the shops’ entrances, men and women—sitting, standing or leaning against the walls—have their eyes fixed to their mobile phones. © 2019 AFP Explore further “Cutting the internet is one of the means by the military council to widen the gap between (the protest movement) and the people,” prominent protest leader Mohamed Naji al-Assam told reporters this week. The impact of the blackout was felt Tuesday night when few came out onto the streets, even as protest leaders called for new night-time demonstrations.Human Rights Watch slammed the blackout as a “gross violation”.”Governments that seek to repress peaceful political opposition have in many instances cut off internet access during times of political sensitivity and crisis,” the rights group said in a report on June 12.For the generals the internet and social media are a threat.”Regarding social media, we see during this period that it represents a threat for the security of the country and we will not allow that,” military council spokesman General Shamseddine Kabbashi told reporters last week.And on Wednesday, the authorities prevented a consumer protection association from holding a press conference on the internet blackout.’People still communicate’Businesses, hit by the blackout, are struggling to keep their services going. Kamal, an employee of an international travel agency, said his company—which regularly books tickets for embassies and UN agencies—has been forced to make bookings through phone calls and text messages, because they can’t access the internet. Mohamed Omar (L) sits with his friends at a cafe in an upscale district of Sudan’s capital on June 17, 2019 The ruling military council imposed the blackout to prevent further mobilisation of protesters, according to users Syria Internet ‘restored’ after blackout “We get calls from our clients, then we call our back office in Nairobi. It is they who book the ticket and text us the ticket number,” he said.”We forward the ticket number to the client, who then goes to the airport to take the boarding pass from the airport counter itself.””If a ticket needs to be modified, we used to do it from our system itself… but now we (have to) send people to the airline office.”Other Sudanese travel agencies were shut for several days this month after protest leaders launched a civil disobedience movement, in the wake of the crackdown on protesters.”Earlier, four, five, six or seven tickets could be booked in one day, but now it takes four days to book just one ticket,” said travel agent Hoiam, whose agency was shut during the disobedience campaign.The main factor was the “very poor” internet connection at her office, she said.The internet blackout has been imposed by the generals “to put an end to the revolution,” she said.”But still, with or without internet, people manage to communicate.” This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: In Sudan, internet users find ways to beat blackout (2019, June 20) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-sudan-internet-users-ways-blackout.html
About 120 million years ago, a small dinosaur gulped down a lizard, swallowing the reptile whole. The wee lizard’s story might have ended there, but the dinosaur died soon after and was preserved as a fossil. Millions of years later, paleontologists discovered the scaly meal in the dinosaur’s belly. Scientists found the lizard when they examined the fossil of a feathered dinosaur named Microraptor zhaoianus, a small carnivore from the early Cretaceous period (145.5 million to 65.5 million years ago) in what is now northeastern China. In Microraptor’s abdomen was a near-complete skeleton that the researchers identified as a previously unknown lizard species. This “exceptional specimen” paints a clearer picture of the animal diversity in this region during the Cretaceous, and it hints at what was on the menu for dinosaur predators like Microraptor, the scientists reported in a new study. [In Photos: Amber Preserves Cretaceous Lizards]Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65935-cretaceous-lizard-in-dinosaur-belly.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35 Microraptor belongs to the theropod (meat-eating) dinosaur group known as the dromaeosaurids — small to medium-size bird-like dinosaurs — which also includes Velociraptor and Deinonychus. It had flight feathers on its front and back limbs, and it could likely glide or even fly, according to the study. The fossilized lizard’s skeleton was still whole and nearly complete, and it appeared to belong to a juvenile. Its position inside the dinosaur’s gut showed that it was gulped down head first, “consistent with feeding behavior in extant carnivorous lizards and birds,” the study authors wrote. Images: Dinosaurs That Learned to Fly Tiny Dino: Reconstructing Microraptor’s Black Feathers The new Cretaceous lizard species was found in the abdomen of a Microraptor fossil (indicated by the white rectangle). Credit: Jingmai O’Connor Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoEditorChoice.comSee What The World’s Largest Dog Looks LikeEditorChoice.comUndoNucificTop Dr. Reveals The 1 Nutrient Your Gut Must HaveNucificUndoFinance101Oprah’s Mansion Costs $90 Million, And This Is What It Looks LikeFinance101UndoKelley Blue Book2019 Mercedes-Benz Smart Models Worth ConsideringKelley Blue BookUndo Image Gallery: 25 Amazing Ancient Beasts They dubbed the ingested lizard Indrasaurus wangi: The species name honors paleontologist Yuan Wang, director of the Paleozoological Museum of China, and Indrasaurus refers to a legend from ancient Indian texts about the deity Indra, who was swallowed whole by a dragon. Close examination of the lizard’s teeth revealed that they were widely spaced, short-crowned and nearly square. They were unlike the teeth in other Cretaceous lizards, and their unusual shape suggests that the lizard may have had a diet that differed from that of its close relatives, the scientists said in the study. Microraptor and its lizard lunch provide a rare glimpse of direct interactions between predators and prey in ecosystems that vanished millions of years ago. They were found alongside other Microraptor fossils that hold the remains of mammals, fish and birds in their bellies, according to the study. Using these fossils and others from more than two dozen animal groups, the researchers reconstructed a food web showing who ate whom in the Jehol Biota; this site in Liaoning, China — where Microraptor was discovered in 2005 — holds a diverse array of exceptionally preserved fossils dating from 133 million to 120 million years ago. The findings were published online July 11 in the journal Current Biology.