Mount Ellinor Trail To Reopen

first_imgOlympia, WA – Olympic National Forest’s Mount Ellinor Trail will reopen on October 1, ending the formal closure that was implemented three months ago when several hiking parties reported being harassed by insistent mountain goats.  The animals approached hikers at very close proximities and then failed to retreat when attempts were made to chase them away.The mountain goats at Mount Ellinor and other locations in the Olympic Mountains have grown habituated to people, meaning that they have lost their fear of human beings.  The animals, though wild, have grown used to people feeding them and supplying salts and minerals from sweat or urine.Since the closure was initiated, an aversive conditioning plan was launched and a comprehensive, science-based plan for managing the human-mountain goat conflicts was started and is still under development.  Wildlife biologists from Olympic National Forest, Olympic National Park, and the Washington Department of Fish and Game have been working diligently to monitor the goats and discourage them from approaching people.“We have been very dedicated to this effort,” said Hood Canal District Ranger Dean Yoshina.  A decision was made to reopen the trail after a notable change was observed in the mountain goats, but a marked change in human behavior is also imperative.  “Support from all visitors will be critical if we are to successfully open the trail and keep it open and safe,” he stated.  “One person’s decision to feed the mountain goats could trigger the same behaviors that we have been working so hard to deter.”Monitoring and aversive conditioning actions will continue after the trail reopens but the area may close again and further actions taken if unacceptable mountain goat behavior is observed.  Please observe the following suggestions when visiting Mount Ellinor:Stay at least 50 yards (half the length of a football field) away from all wildlife.If a mountain goat approaches, chase it off by yelling, waving clothing, or throwing rocks.Do not feed the mountain goats or allow them to lick your skin or gear.Urinate on rocks or snow at least 50 yards from the trail.Note that male goats become more aggressive during the breeding season, which is generally from October through December. Facebook21Tweet0Pin0last_img read more

Photos: Drake and other famous faces at the NBA Finals

first_img Kerr promises Smailagic ‘will 100%’ leave Santa Cruz … Warriors resemble team of old, Kevon Looney isn’t ready, and other thoughts from loss to Trail Blazers Why the Warriors want to keep Damion Lee beyond this season center_img The NBA Finals is a magnet for legends of the hardwood and stars of the music industry. They all showed up for Game 1 in Toronto led by Drake, who had to be reminded of boundaries by the league. Related Articleslast_img

Mercury Messenger: Surprise!

first_img By contrast, Richard Kerr’s summary article in Science was titled, calmly, “Mercury Looking Less Exotic, More a Member of the Family” (30 September 2011: Vol. 333 no. 6051 p. 1812, DOI: 10.1126/science.333.6051.1812).  Judging from abstracts and reports, the following discoveries seem the most interesting: Science Daily: “Mercury Not Like Other Planets, MESSENGER Finds.” PhysOrg: “Epic volcanic activity flooded Mercury’s north polar region” BBC News: “‘Hollows’ mark Mercury’s surface.”  The article begins, “Hands up who thought Mercury was just a dull rock circling close to the Sun?  The latest data returned by Nasa’s Messenger probe shows that view couldn’t be further from the truth.” National Geographic: “Mercury ‘Hollows’ Found—Pits May Be Solar System First.” New Scientist: “Bright ‘hollows’ on Mercury are unique in solar system.” “Planet Mercury Full of Strange Surprises” As boring as the moon?  Just a burned-out cinder?  Not Mercury.  True to tradition for planetary exploration, the MESSENGER spacecraft has served up a plate of surprises about the innermost planet.  In orbit since March, the ship is sending theorists back to the drawing board to figure out a number of puzzling phenomena, some unique to Mercury.  Commentators fall into two categories: those that are flabbergasted, and those who say all is well. Science magazine published the first seven papers this week since the orbital tour began.  Here were the headlines that resulted on various news outlets: Science Daily began its coverage with this summary that emphasized the theoretical challenges: Only six months into its Mercury orbit, the tiny MESSENGER spacecraft has shown scientists that Mercury doesn’t conform to theory. Its surface material composition differs in important ways from both those of the other terrestrial planets and expectations prior to the MESSENGER mission, calling into question current theories for Mercury’s formation. Its magnetic field is unlike any other in the Solar System, and there are huge expanses of volcanic plains surrounding the north polar region of the planet and cover more than 6% of Mercury’s surface…. Theorists need to go back to the drawing board on Mercury’s formation,” remarked the lead author of one of the papers, Carnegie’s Larry Nittler. “Most previous ideas about Mercury’s chemistry are inconsistent with what we have actually measured on the planet’s surface.” Science Daily ended with a quote by Sean Solomon: “Mercury is not the planet described in the textbooks. Although a true sibling of Venus, Mars, and Earth, the innermost planet has had a much more exciting life than anyone predicted.” It could be argued that planetary scientists need surprises to justify their jobs.  Would the public continue to support space exploration if everything was as boring as predicted?  Reporters, too, need to fan the hype with exciting headlines, or else advertisers might not get their return on investment.  That doesn’t seem to be the case here.  Long before this mission was conceived, planetary scientists had their theories based on the 1970s data from Mariner 10.  And it’s not like they were all waiting with nothing to do before MESSENGER got there.  Many of these things seem like genuine surprises that are important.  While we join the revelry of new discoveries and applaud the many designers, engineers, scientists and assorted workers for a job well done getting this ship into orbit and delivering the data, we think much of the hand-wringing about textbooks being blown out of the water is a result of thoughtless adherence to the old Moyboy* Myth, that old Law of the Misdeeds and Perversions that Cannot be Altered.  To keep the data in the ASS (age of the solar system, 4.5 billion years), believers have to tell fantastic tales: lava erupted quickly and suddenly all over the north, then shut off for billions of years, while depressions are being hollowed out in a process that could still be ongoing today.  Inside a planet smaller than Saturn’s moon Titan, they have to keep an iron core liquid long enough so that a global magnetic field can survive.  They have to make a planet out of volatile elements that were believed not possible to exist so close to the sun, but then keep vast deposits of it intact after billions of years of solar heat and bombardment. MESSENGER is just the messenger.  The sender, Mercury, is saying, “Think outside the moyboy* box.” *Millions of Years, Billions of Years(Visited 33 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Hollows:  The hollows spoken of are unique structures found within some craters.  Irregular in shape and up to miles across, these depressions with sharp rims, often found in clusters and found across Mercury, appear to be collapse pits – as if volatile substances escaped from underground and caused surfaces to fall.  The closest analogues are on Mars, where similarly shaped features result from sublimation of ice at the poles; but here on Mercury there is no ice.  Science Daily called them “an unexpected class of landform on Mercury and suggest that a previously unrecognized geological process is responsible for its formation.”  New Scientist said of them, “They may have been formed by processes still active today, and change our view of the small rocky planet’s history.”  Science Daily quoted a scientist who believes they are actively forming today – further evidence that “Mercury is radically different from the Moon in just about every way we can measure.”  National Geographic quoted David Blewett (Johns Hopkins): “”The old thinking was, Oh, Mercury, it’s an old burned-out cinder and not so interesting… here’s this jaw-dropping thing that nobody ever predicted.” Sulfur: introduced this surprise: “Mercury is not just hellishly hot but apparently covered in brimstone. A vast part of the planet is covered with dried lava  – enough to bury the state of Texas under 4 miles of the stuff, scientists say.”  Richard Kerr in Science said “Surprisingly, it has 10 times the sulfur of Earth’s rock.” Reducing conditions:  Mercury doesn’t fit another expectation.  Richard Kerr explained, “The combination of high sulfur and low iron in Mercury’s rock must have come from minerals that could have existed only if Mercury formed under chemically reducing conditions. That sounds bizarre, because all the other rocky planets formed under the opposite conditions: oxidizing ones.”  He was quick to find a scientist who “showed that probably only water-free, organics-rich, comet-dust–like stuff would have survived near the sun to make Mercury. With no oxygen atoms from water around, reducing conditions would have prevailed.”  Still, it makes Mercury a special case compared to nearby Venus and Earth. Potassium:  Science Daily explained why elevated potassium levels seen on the surface is a challenge to explain: “Measurements of Mercury’s surface by MESSENGER’s X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Spectrometers also reveal substantially higher abundances of sulfur and potassium than previously predicted. Both elements vaporize at relatively low temperatures, and their abundances thus rule out several popular scenarios in which Mercury experienced extreme high-temperature events early in its history.” Lava flows:  Evidence of volcanism had been observed on the previous three flybys, but the extent of lava plains exceeded expectations – some five million cubic kilometers.  The BBC News had a comparison some angry voters might like: “This is enough lava to cover the City of Washington DC to a depth of over 26,000 km, which is about 72 times higher than the orbit of the International Space Station.” Seen primarily in previously-unseen northern regions, the lava is thought to have oozed out of fissures, rather than coming from eruptive centers that produce familiar cone-shaped mountains. explained, “Based on the way this lava apparently eroded the underlying surface, the researchers suggest it rushed out rapidly.”  Lead scientist James Head (Brown U) thinks the flows date from billions of years ago, but remarked, “We can’t say if it took 2.7 days or 15 years or any exact time from orbit, but it wasn’t hundreds of millions of years.” Why extensive volcanism would turn on like that, last a few years, and then stop – only to remain unchanged for billions of years – seems odd. Magnetic field:  Of the rocky planets, only Earth and Mercury have global magnetic fields.  Unlike other magnetic fields, Mercury has one that is only 3% offset from its polar axis, but is inexplicably displaced some 300 miles northward from the center of the planet.  Mercury’s is also much weaker than Earth’s – too weak to provide protection from the solar wind.  See Science Daily for details.last_img read more

Photo library: Countryside 14

first_img{loadposition tc}Click on a thumbnail for a low-resolution image, or right-click on the link below it to download a high-resolution copy of the image.» Download Countryside contact sheet (1.6MB) » Download full image library contact sheet (10.5MB) Western Cape province:The graveyard in the town of Prince Albert. Photo: » Download high-res image Western Cape province: An ostrich farm in the Oudtshoorn district. Ostrich meat is an increasingly popular low-fat alternative to red meat.Photo: Rodger Bosch, » Download high-res image Western Cape province: An ostrich farm in the Oudtshoorn district. Ostrich meat is an increasingly popular low-fat alternative to red meat.Photo: Rodger Bosch, » Download high-res image Western Cape province: An ostrich farm in the Oudtshoorn district. Ostrich meat is an increasingly popular low-fat alternative to red meat.Photo: Rodger Bosch, » Download high-res image Western Cape province:An ostrich farm in the Oudtshoorn district. Ostrich meat is an increasingly popular low-fat alternative to red meat.Photo: Rodger Bosch, » Download high-res image Western Cape province: An ostrich farm in the Oudtshoorn district. Ostrich meat is an increasingly popular low-fat alternative to red meat.Photo: Rodger Bosch, » Download high-res image Western Cape province: An ostrich farm in the Oudtshoorn district. Ostrich meat is an increasingly popular low-fat alternative to red meat.Photo: Rodger Bosch, » Download high-res image Western Cape province:An ostrich farm in the Oudtshoorn district. Ostrich meat is an increasingly popular low-fat alternative to red meat.Photo: Rodger Bosch, » Download high-res image Western Cape province:An ostrich farm in the Oudtshoorn district. Ostrich meat is an increasingly popular low-fat alternative to red meat.Photo: Rodger Bosch, » Download high-res image COUNTRYSIDE 14: {loadposition cs}Having trouble downloading high-resolution images? Queries about the image library? Email Janine Erasmus at [email protected]last_img read more

Celebrating the Private Sector as Nation Builders

first_imgPowering Possibilities Through Enterprise DevelopmentThe private sector is one of the main pillars upon which the Nation Brand rests. It goes without saying that the concurrent exportation and inward investment of goods and services contributes to economic growth and thus a strong and competitive Nation Brand. What often goes unnoticed, however, is how the private sector plays its part in nation building and social cohesion.Supporting the country’s development agenda by contributing to positive social change has become increasingly important for many businesses. One such business that plays an active role in nation building and the promotion of economic transformation in South Africa is Exxaro Resources. Exxaro Resources is one of the largest and foremost black-empowered coal and heavy mineral companies in South Africa. In line with its vision of powering better lives in Africa and beyond, Exxaro Resources developed a programme called the Enterprise and Supplier Development (ESD). ESD refers to a set of affirmative action and local content development measures aimed at promoting economic transformation.Zebra Force General Investments and Stenda Trading (Pty) Ltd are different but equally wonderful examples of the impact that the ESD programme has had.Agriculture and economic development Zebra Force General Investments (ZFGI) is a company that was started by a former Exxaro Resources employee, Thulani Dube. Dube recently benefited from an enterprise development grant that will help him scale and automate his poultry business, ZFGI Monumental Chickens. Located in Bronkhorstspruit, Dube has emerged as a highly adaptive entrepreneur who left behind a career in finance to embark on a new path in farming. After a commodity downturn in 2016, Exxaro Resources was forced to offer voluntary retrenchment to some of its workers and Dube was among those affected. Rather than face the discouraging shortage of jobs and an indefinite term of unemployment, Dube used his severance package to purchase a piece of land and set up a chicken broiler operation.ZFGI Monumental Chickens is the first entity that was created out of this holding company and Dube has imitated the diversified success of his sponsor by expanding into building contracting, carried out under ZFGI Construction.ZFGI Monumental Chickens received an R8.9 million grant for capital expenditure and infrastructure improvements that will enable the business to triple its existing annual turnover of R4 million – provided off-take agreements can be secured.In return for the R8.9 million grant, Exxaro Resources will be credited with building a commercial-scale agribusiness enterprise that currently employs 20 people directly and benefits up to 100 people across the value chain.Mining and community developmentStenda Trading (Pty) Ltd is a 100% black, women and youth owned business that was established by Matshidiso Dlungwane in 2016. Matshidiso is from Mamelodi, Pretoria and previously worked in the mining sector as a Metallurgical engineer.Stenda Trading was established to provide multi-disciplinary services and address the shortage of women run and owned companies providing technical services in the mining sector.At Exxaro Resources, Stenda Trading provides underground civil and underground cleaning services at Matla Coal Mine. Once it was awarded these contracts in 2018, Stenda Trading approached the Exxaro Enterprise and Supplier Development (ESD) for financial support. The company was awarded an interest free loan of R9,2 million to procure equipment, vehicles to transport material and employees to site as well as a mobile office.The business has been able to maintain 16 jobs and create an additional 61 new jobs for people who are from the surrounding communities of the mine.Private sector commitment to progressive change and nation building More and more businesses like Exxaro Resources remain committed to playing their part in the country’s socio-economic development. There is a growing understanding that socio-economic change will not come about without an empowered society that collaborates with one another for the greater good. The private sector should continue to share in the responsibility of nation building and strengthening the South Africa’s Nation Brand.For more information on Exxaro Resources, visit their website. Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

Brand South Africa congratulates the Matric Class of 2015

first_imgJohannesburg, Wednesday 6 January 2016 – Brand South Africa congratulates the Matric Class of 2015 on successfully completing their formal school career. Obtaining a matric certificate is considered to be one of life’s highlights that leads to a new chapter filled with opportunities to build a better the future.In congratulating the Matric Class of 2015 Brand South Africa’s CEO, Mr Kingsley Makhubela said, “When young people claim their right to health, education and decent working conditions, they become a powerful force for economic development and positive change. I applaud each of the 799 306 candidates who registered for and wrote for the 2015 National Senior Certificate (NSC) examinations – for your commitment to playing a positive role in moving our country forward.  Thank you for playing your part in building our nation.”Mr Makhubela added, “We would also like to thank all teachers for providing South Africa’s learners with a solid education and investing in them to enable them to reach their full potential. As teachers you are responsible for shaping the future generations of our country. You have once again, encouraged our country to work hard and steadily in order to accomplish our goals as outlined in the National Development Plan (NDP).”“We acknowledge that our young people are facing many challenges in modern day society, hence the NDP is formulated with a youth-centric lens. With over 54 million South Africans, 18.5% are between the ages 10-19; and 24% are aged 15-24. These statistics indicate that our young people must really be prioritised in terms of our developmental agenda so that they can be equipped with the skills and education to move our country forward,” concluded Mr MakhubelaThe 2015 matric exam national pass rate declined from 75.8% in 2014 to 70.7%.  The Western Cape was the best performing province in the 2015 National Senior Certificate examination with an 84.7% pass rate. Gauteng followed closely with an 84.2% pass rate. The Free State was the third-best performing province with an 81.6% pass rate, followed by North West with 81.5%.last_img read more

10 months agoReal Madrid hero Salgado: Solari and Isco need to talk

first_imgReal Madrid hero Salgado: Solari and Isco need to talkby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Real Madrid fullback Michel Salgado says management must find a way to rebuild Isco’s confidence and commitment. After being dumped to the bench for victory over Rayo Vallecano on the weekend, Isco feels there’s no way back for himself under coach Santiago Solari. As such, he is now planning to quit Real next month.However, Salgado says: “Solari has to organise a meeting with Isco to find a solution to this problem.”They have to fix this problem as soon as possible!” TagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your saylast_img

Former Louisville G Chris Jones Recommends Kentucky’s Trey Lyles Not Mess With Cincy’s Octavius Ellis

first_imgKentucky's Trey Lyles plays in NCAA Tournament.It’s getting a bit intense inside the KFC Yum! Center in Louisville, Ky. Early in the second half of No. 1 Kentucky’s game against No. 8 Cincinnati, Wildcats’ freshman forward Trey Lyles got into it with Bearcats’ forward Octavius Ellis. There was some shoving and trash talking; Kentucky’s Aaron Harrison was called for a technical foul during the mini-scrum. Former Louisville guard Chris Jones, who was dismissed from the program earlier this month, recommends Lyles not mess with Ellis. Trey don’t want those problems lol foreal— Chris Jones (@iAM_UNGUARDABLE) March 21, 2015Jones really isn’t in a position to be giving advice about anything, but this is something Lyles might want to listen to. One of the few things that could doom Kentucky is a lack of composure.last_img read more

EU warns UNSC against military action in Venezuela

first_imgUnited Nations: European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini warned Tuesday that military action in Venezuela would be unacceptable and that a solution to the crisis should not be “imposed from outside,” putting the United States on notice. Addressing the Security Council, Mogherini said the standoff between President Nicolas Maduro and opposition leader Juan Guaido must be resolved though political, peaceful and democratic means. “We believe that no military development, from inside or outside of the country, would be acceptable,” Mogherini told a council meeting on cooperation between the European Union and the United Nations. Also Read – Imran Khan arrives in China, to meet Prez Xi Jinping”And a solution cannot be, and should never be, imposed from the outside.” President Donald Trump has repeatedly said that all options are on the table, refusing to rule out a US military intervention in Venezuela, which is in the grips of an economic meltdown that the opposition blames on the Maduro government. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo late Monday announced that the United States will withdraw all remaining diplomatic personnel from its embassy in Caracas, worsening already tattered relations. After Guaido declared himself Venezuela’s interim president, the United States and key EU countries France, Germany and Britain were among more than 50 countries that recognized him. Russia and China, two of the five veto-wielding council members along with the US, France and Britain, have denounced the US stance as blatant interference in Venezuela’s affairs and continue to back Maduro.last_img read more

Modi will be removed Cong will form govt Rahul Gandhi

first_imgRaichur (Karna): Attacking the Prime Minister, Congress chief Rahul Gandhi Friday alleged people of the country “have decided” to remove Narendra Modi and asserted his party would form the government after the Lok Sabha polls. Addressing a rally here in north Karnataka, Gandhi said Modi talks about security of the nation “but making crores of youth unemployed” does not strengthen the nation. “People have decided in 2019 that in Karnataka, Congress and JD(S), in Andhra Pradesh Naidu (Chandrababu Naidu) and across the country those who are fighting against BJP, they will win. Narendra Modi will be removed from Delhi,” he said. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss bank a/c details Gandhi, who addressed a rally in Gujarat earlier in the day said, “People have decided. Im telling you people of Gujarat have decided, Im coming from Gujarat. There is an undercurrent in favour of Congress in Gujarat.” “People of Gujarat are saying, leave alone the country, Narendra Modi has not done anything for Gujarat….Lakhs of acres of our land were given to big business people,” Gandhi said. Assuring the Congress and JDS workers that the alliance of the two parties would win here (in Karnataka), he said, “in Delhi, Congress will form the government.”last_img read more